Issues of protection of refugees and asylum seekers were always in the focus of the international community. Persons deprived of the protection of their countries are in the most vulnerable position and demand special protection from both the international community and countries of asylum.
Domestic and gender-based violence is one of the many challenges that refugees and asylum seekers have to face. This category of people is particularly vulnerable to mentioned above types of violence. Stressful experiences of leaving the country of origin coupled with cultural and religious differences make refugees particularly vulnerable to domestic and gender-based violence. This plight is complicated by ignorance of legal means for the protection. Concealed character of domestic and gender-based violence makes it extremely difficult to prevent or to stop.
The issue of protection of the rights of refugees and asylum seekers from domestic and gender-based violence is given considerable attention at international level. The UNHCR has developed strategies and training programs to prevent sexual-based and gender-based violence.